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Hideki Tojo

1884-1948

// Biography of Hideki Tojo.

As for Tojo, absolute master of the destinies of Japan, gives the order to attack Pearl Harbor. The December 7, 1941 - the day of infamy, as he called Roosevelt - marks the beginning of the war against the United States of America. 

Tojo starts to govern the country with an iron hand, accumulating the head of the government with the Chiefs. 

Giving the green light to plans of the Navy, the Japanese forces take Hong Kong December 25, Manila drops to 2 January 1942, Singapore February 15 and March 9 Java The pace only slows the progression Japanese in Burma, After you watch the first defeats of the hitherto invincible army nippon, May 8 defeated in the battle in the Coral Sea, on June 5 at Midway. The following year nipónicas troops are forced to withdraw from Guadalcanal, and in May, they have to evacuate Aluetas. 

During this time, Tojo was concentrating new powers in his hands, creating a Ministry of War Material and substituting the association created by Konoye by another political assistance to the Emperor (Yokusansejikai). 

The war machine ridden by Tojo begins to crumble to June 15, 1944, which coincides with the conquest of Saipan in the Mariana Islands, the troops commanded by MacArthur. This achievement, which marks the end of American progression from island to island, the United States will have a basis for the super fortress B-29 that enables them to launch attacks against the capital nipónica. 

As if not enough military failures, Tojo saw himself faced with a delicate social situation inside. The growing food shortage was dramatic, forcing rationing to push the boundaries close to the minimum essential for the survival of the citizens. The age of incorporation for 17 years now. Measures that did not prevent or Tojo's resignation, the July 22, 1944, or the annihilation of the Nipponese Army and Navy. The Americans take, successively, the Philippines, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The coup de grace is given with the release of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


 

Defeat and resignation

Resigning, Tojo not admitted, nor morally, the defeat of Japan His attitude was appealing, without measuring the consequences of their attitude, the continuation of the war. A persistence paid with lives of their fellow citizens, especially those who served as a target to three atomic bombs dropped by the Americans. Still, nothing suggests that the other had been the course of events the war would not have extended time with the greatest sacrifice of human lives. This is indeed one of the justifications put forward by President Roosevelt to attack with atomic weapons against Japan, arguing that the continuation of hostilities with the unique feature of conventional weapons would cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers. 

When you abandon all their positions occupied, Tojo retires to his home and only comes back to hear his name several days after Shigemitsu and MacArthur have signed terms of unconditional surrender of Japan Tojo, in order to draw retains responsibility for all acts committed by his country during the war - freeing the Emperor from any suspicion - decides to commit suicide. Not so-traditional (the harankiri) but with one shot. An attempt that failed but still not spare to a tragic end. 

Tojo was included in the list of war cirminosos delivered to MacArthur with the recommendation to implement an exemplary manner and with the utmost rigor of the decisions contained in the Potsdam Declaration. In the list, along with Tojo, figured more than a hundred names, although the number of primary responsibility was limited to 28, three of whom have died and one was crazy. In the list consisted of 28, obviously, the name of Hideki Tojo. 
 

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