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Oskar Schindler

1908-1974

// Biography of Oskar Schindler.

In late 1944, Plaszow and all secondary fields had to be evacuated due to the Russian advance. Most prisoners (more than 20,000 men, women and children) were sent to extermination camps. Upon receiving the order to evacuate, Schindler, who had approached from the Army Supreme Command (OKW), managed to obtain official permission to continue production in a factory that he and his wife had set in Brünnlitz in the Sudetenland. Thus, it was assumed that all workers Zablocie, to which we had gathered much of the Plaszow camp workers, were transferred to the factory. However, instead of being brought to Brünnlitz, 800 men (including Jews 700) and 300 women in the list have been diverted to Schindler Gross-Rosen and Auschwitz respectively. 

When I heard what happened, Schindler tried to secure the release of the men's camp Gross-Rosen. After he sent his personal German secretary to Auschwitz in order to negotiate the liberation of women. It was necessary to pay the Gestapo 7 DM per head daily. This was the only one in the history of killing field of release of a large number prisoner at the time the gas chambers were still in operation. 

One of the most remarkable humanitarian actions undertaken by the two involved Schindler Jews Goleszow 120 prisoners, one of the Auschwitz sub-camps. The men worked at the plant in a quarry belonging to the company under the SS. With the approach of the Russians in January 1945, were evacuated to Goleszow and transported westward into cattle cars without food or water. After seven days' journey in winter, the SS guards stationed at the doors of the wagons Brünnlitz. Emilie Schindler was in time to prevent the SS camp commander ordered the train back. Schindler, who had returned to the field after the search of food outside the camp, had some difficulties to convince the commandant that he desperately needed people who were locked in the train for the plant. 

When the wagons were finally opened, nearly thirty bodies were discovered frozen. Schindler noted that the master planning, the best Nazi tradition, burning the unfortunate one of the furnaces of the factory. Schindler managed to be cremated according to Jewish religious ritual in a plot of land near a Catholic cemetery, which had been bought especially for this purpose. The remaining 107 survivors, terribly frostbitten and scared, had medical treatment. 

In the last days of war, even before the Russian army in Moravia, Schindler was able to go to Germany in Allied-controlled territory. The industrial magnate wartime was by now penniless. However, Jewish organizations and survivor groups supported him in subsequent years, helping to finance (in the long run, unsuccessful) emigration to South America When Schindler visited Israel in 1961, the first of seventeen visits was extremely well received and treated by 220 survivors. He continued to live partly in Israel and Germany. After his death in Hildesheim, Germany in October 1974, the devastated survivors supported the transfer of the remains of Schindler to the Protestant Cemetery in Jerusalem, Israel.Emilie Schindler died on 5 October 2001 and is buried in Germany. 

The July 18, 1967, Yad Vashem decided to recognize as an Honorable Oskar Schindler among nations. On June 24, 1993, Yad Vashem decided to reconfirm its original decision to extend the recognition also Schindler's wife, Emilie Schindler.


 

The english version of this article will be available soon. In the meanwhile, the text above was the result of a Google translation from portuguese version to english.

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