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Market-Garden Operation

// Information about the Operation Market-Garden.

Germans go to chaos

Meanwhile, the German side was given the order to retreat from the front, with the support and protection of the weak Panzer divisions. Hitler's intentions to transform the Seine in the most advanced line of defense ended up being disappointed, now leaving the Germans to retreat to the Siegfried Line along the German border, reorganizing his troops. 

The Army Group B Model fraccionava Marshal himself, creating three lines of retreat: the North, the Fifteenth Army abandons Pas de Calais, the V Panzerarmee covered by the center, the removal of the decimated Seventh Army which moved towards the Somme , the South, the First Army retreated, avoiding being crushed by the progression of Franco-American forces coming from Provence. 

As for the Army Group G, received orders for a rapid retreat, leading to the Rhône one of its combat units, namely the XIX Army. 

Hitler ordered, then the troops effecting a first stop before the Siegfried Line, and then consolidate positions in that line. Simultaneously, the commanders of the forces still occupied the ports of Brittany - all under a tight siege by the Allies - were ordered to resist to the last man, preventing port facilities could be seized by the Allies.


Objective: The Netherlands

Montgomery's offensive in Belgian territory, run by Army Group commanded by Field Marshal, had the mission to capture and destroy the German Army XV - who escaped unharmed from operations in Normandy - and destroy the launching pads of the flying bombs used to attack UK. 

Both goals were the responsibility of the Canadian First Army General Crerar, falling to the British Second Army Gen. Dempsey, acting as a front line, Anvers and pave the way to conquer the Netherlands to Ruhr. 

On September 3, the Guards Armored Division of the Second British Army took Brussels and the next day, the 11th Armored Division conquest Anvers without the Germans have had time to destroy the port facilities. The Allies have not taken any precautions to guarantee the control of the Albert Canal bridges on the outskirts of the city, which would be blown up two days later by the Germans. 

Another mistake that would prove decisive in the battles that followed, was to leave the peninsula of unmanned Beveland, by which he escaped what was left of the Fifteenth German Army used later times, to counter the Allied advance towards Arnhem, Holland. 

The worst that could happen to the Allies in their progression to the Rhine was the pause that lasted 4-7 September, ie after the entry into Belgium. All officers and soldiers, then gave in after the war. On September 4, coinciding with the first rest day, German General Student, commander of the paratroopers, ordered to gather all the men he could with them and form a defensive line along the Albert Canal, with the points Reference Antwerp and Maastricht. 

I would be this makeshift Army Parachute General Student's responsible for the difficulties encountered by the Allies during the two weeks following that, until September 17, little or nothing progressed in time. 

In mid-September the Germans had strengthened almost all of their defensive line, especially in the fragile northern sector.

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