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Nuremberg Trials

// Information about the Nuremberg Trials.

Procedures for Application

The idea of ??creating a tribunal to judge the winners together and simultaneously a group of war criminals was an absolutely new situation. In previous conflicts the accused had been tried by many courts as there are winning countries, being considered in each of them only the crimes committed against a single state. 

The pressure of international public opinion forced him to expedite the process, which begins badly ends the conflict. No wonder, therefore, that six months ago about the end of the war, and taking into account the high volume of information to be examined, the questions were drawn up the indictment. 

About the speed that surrounded the whole process, Robert Jackson declare later that a longer period of preparation would have allowed to develop and support the best libel libelous, making it more uniform and reducing the duration of the trial. 

The jurists were the first to arrive at Nuremberg, beginning immediately meticulous research. We examined more than 10 documents of the Third Reich, having been translated into 4000 that would be submitted for tests. To watch a variety of materials have been installed in cinema room and a projector screen. Each of the four powers in Nuremberg had a team of 600 people. 

The Court was composed of four judges, one for each of the victorious powers, and four others in reserve. The Chairman of the British was Geoffrey Lawrence, a choice that turned out right because of his attitude towards the facts dispassionately. His deputy was Sir William N. Birkett. 

American judges were Francis L. BiddeleJohn Parker, the French, Donnedieu de Vabres and Robert Falco, while the Soviets were represented by two military judges, Division General Nikitchenko and Lieutenant Colonel Volchkov. Throughout the process the judges wore traditional robes, except that the Soviets never ceased to wear the military uniform.


 

The bank defendants

At the end of the conflict the Americans did 300 German prisoners of war regarded as the major war criminals of the Nazi regime, while the Soviet side catches amounted to half a thousand war criminals. In Nuremberg be judged not only primarily responsible, in number of 24 and then reduced to 22. Robert Ley, Labor Front in charge of the Third Reich,committed suicide before the trial? hanging himself in his cell? and the German industrialist Gustav Krupp, elderly and seriously ill, turned out to be excused from attending the trial. 

Martin Bormann, in turn, was tried in absentia since the time his whereabouts was unknown, not knowing whether or not he had lost his life during the Battle of Berlin. 

Since the prisoners had only the clothes that had been taken prisoner, was contacted a tailor of Nuremberg they concocted as a costume, which they have been immediately removed at the end of the trial. 

None of the defendants was allowed to wear military insignia or as little, they were recognized treatment usually due to military officials. 

Were placed in individual cells, with a military guard at the door throughout the 24 hours a day. They could not talk to each other or leave the place that was destined before the Court. Efectuavam 20 minutes of daily exercise. 

The route between the cells and the room was carefully controlled soldiers strategically placed in the corridors leading to the elevator.

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