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USA

// Information about the U.S. before, during and after the war.

Unlike the Axis powers, the United States and the UK were for a total mobilization for war at the beginning of hostilities. The American work force, working or unemployed Americans since the Great Depression, was completely mobilized, including African Americans, women, and students. Also unlike the Axis did not have to start the compulsory service in industrial plants, although the social stigma of not supporting the war reached the compulsory service. 

Men not in uniform were questioned on the street. Despite the existence of rationing, most items, excluding petrol, was readily available. Once car production was interrupted from 1942 to 1945, gasoline was not lacking as much as might have missed. 

The sense of unity and camaraderie was a supporting factor throughout World War II. With small consumer goods and pay considerable, of the few movies were all purchased items. These savings would support the growth of the post-war in the United States of America by the years (19) 80. The American public had the notion that a world of post-war industry would shift from military production to production of consumer goods. 

During the Second World War, the public had to be satisfied with the series of radio and movies. Starting with the Wake Island (1942) the war figured prominently in American cinema. The War Department has explored Hollywood, Disney made badges for ships and various actors and directors have served in the military. Frank Capra, a successful director of films about the common man, created the highly successful series Why We Fight, which clearly outlined the aims of the Allies around the world. 

With the war to reach its third year, some people wondered if Roosevelt would represent the U.S. in a fourth term. He had been president since childhood of most young people who fought and died in war, was extremely popular. However, the war seemed far from over, and the Roosevelt administration was shocked by a slight decrease in public support for war. 

Roosevelt kept secrets of the vast American public. With less technology than the Manhattan Project, the Japanese were sending thousands of balloon bombs from Japan to the United States of America. Its aim was to start massive fires in the forests of the American Northwest. While the Americans were unaware of these attacks, the Japanese did not contemplate the possibility of precipitation and high humidity to prevent forest fires. The pumps have reached the areas east of Michigan and some can be found hidden until this day. The only known victims of the Japanese attack were five people in Oregon. 

At the end of the war, the United States emerged from the war as a supreme power in the world. In 1945, possessed the largest navy in the world, a huge army, technically advanced, and enough money to implement the Marshall Plan that would rebuild the world. 

Women and blacks left their positions in factories across the U.S. in favor of soldiers returning from war. This was done, but not without planting the seeds of the civil rights movement of the year (19) and 50 (19) 60. The war had radically changed America, it was a world power, and American society enjoyed levels of wealth and comfort. But within two decades, another war in Vietnam also reveal severe spiritual needs.


 

The english version of this article will be available soon. In the meanwhile, the text above was the result of a Google translation from portuguese version to english.

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