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Mass on Mount Suribachi (Iwo Jima)

// After the american flag raising in Iwo Jima, a mass occurred in the top of the Mount Suribachi which encouraged the soldiers to proceed with the battle.

The famous photo entitled Raising the flag on Iwo Jima recorded the moment when the Marines conquered, on February 23, 1945, the volcano summit of Suribachi, the highest point of the island of Iwo Jima. This photo was taken by Joe Rosenthal in the second time the American flag was raised.

But what is not widely known is the deeply Catholic side of bravery which involved the first flag raising.

The book of the Jesuit priest Donald Crosby, Battlefield Chaplains: Catholic Priests in World War II, narrates the exploits of Catholic priests who participated in the Second World War. Among them, Father Crosby tells the story of Jesuit priest Charles F. Suver with 38 years old, belonging to the 5th Marine Division. He was one of 19 chaplains who ministered the sacraments to the three divisions of Marines who participated in the bloodiest battle in the Pacific.

Suver was born in Ellensburg, Washington, in 1907. He graduated in Seattle in 1924, and was ordained priest in 1937. Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he enlisted in the Navy as a chaplain and was assigned to accompany the soldiers in the battle of Iwo Jima.

One day prior to landing on the island, tension grew between the soldiers who felt death approaching while the ship was getting closer to its destination. They knew they would have to face soon, more than 23,000 Japanese led by one of the most capable generals of Japan. The courage of the Marines would be tested to the maximum.


Some Marines were then, after dinner, to the priest Charles Suver booth to talk about the invasion would occur at dawn. At a certain moment, a young officer said that if he had an American flag, he would bring it until the top of the hill and maybe someone would raise it.

Lieutenant Haynes, challenging the officer responded immediately: "Okay, you take the flag and that I put it up there." With a holy boldness, Fr. Suver added: "You put it up there and I celebrate a mass under it!".

At 5:30 am the next day, 19th February, still aboard the ship (LST 684), Fr. Suver celebrated a mass for the Marines. Later, some marines made him several questions, especially about courage. So, the Jesuit priest replied: "A brave man does his duty, despite the terrible fear. Many men are afraid, for many different reasons, but few are brave."

Father Suver landed that day at 9:40 am, in the most dangerous of all the beaches, the Green Beach. Under fire from machine guns that suddenly began firing, he was forced to throw himself to the ground. Later he was told that he had been behind Japanese lines and in the territory controlled by five machine guns.

He dragged himself immediately to the nearest trench. Despite these stressful situations, Father Suver did not abandon the idea of organizing the Mass on Mount Suribachi once the American flag was raised there. His life was in danger several times during the battle, but he always managed to keep control of himself and continued to exert its function.

It was five days of bloody fighting. Father Suver was working in the aid station with his assistant Jim Fisk (during the battle were assistants appointed to carry the equipment of chaplains) when he realized that the Marines were  cautiously climbing the Mount Suribachi. Although the situation was extremely dangerous, he decided that this was the moment. He called his assistant, took his bag with the material needed to celebrate the mass and ran towards the volcano.

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Text from the Edson Carlos de Oliveira's work.

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